My perspective on Schopenhauer’s “Will”
Internal Will: a purposeful urge to live, becomes transformed into a blind urge to strive, and manifests as an egoistic ambition to succeed relative to others.
External Will: the particular environment that we each experience, and through which we adapt our individual expression to survive (personality/psyche construct), is determinative of the worldview that we develop and correspondingly the strategy that we implement to meet our needs within our environment. This becomes static in those who live passively, and they come to believe that they are in fact their Adaptation, not their “Being”.
My Perspective on Spinoza’s concept of “Emotion”
Passive Emotions: analogous to Schopenhauer’s assertion that sentient human beings suffer as virtual slaves to their Will.
Schopenhauer: humans are bound to strive and suffer greatly, without purpose, meaning or justification.
“Reason cannot defeat Emotion”
“Humans Dream with their eyes wide open.”
An Emotion, in the unaware automatic sense, can only be overcome and displaced by a stronger experiential Emotion. (This has been validated scientifically through the Neurobiological study of human brain metabolism and the memory/belief mechanisms of neuronal circuit myelination processes).
By actively forming more Aware, Insightful, and Enlightened Ideas about what we do, via our Emotions, We become the adequate cause of our own Effects, Internally and Externally (foreshadowing Jungs concept of Introversion and Extraversion).
*We become more Free from our Automatic/Deterministic Passivity, we Awaken.
“Men are aware of their desire and unaware
of the causes by which their desires are determined.”
“The Timid man Thinks it is his Free-Will when he seeks Flight.”
Blame and Praise: are nonexistent human ideals, and only exist in the mind because the passive among us are thus conditioned to believe in them, through the use of reason, over the proper interpretation and discernment of emotion, (and the concept of judgement “good and bad”); we mistakenly develop the false idea of choice. We cannot choose until we actively overcome our passivity.
The unaware, or the Passive, Blame and Praise that which benefits them and that which they comprehend, but cannot recognize the divine, the beautiful, or true art consistently, and must content themselves with lesser counterfiets in their stead.
Ones intellect can break free of their servitude of their Will and Egoism, through the Freedom of the Passive Will, through the following modalities:
Aesthetic Experience and Artistic Production: by recognizing nature, beauty, art and the eternal through experiencing the world around us, we can come to free ourselves of our striving will. After we come to appreciate, and develop the ability to consistently recognize the divine, we ourselves can begin to express as artists and contribute our part to the world.
Compassionate Attitude leading to Compassionate Actions: after we have developed our ability to recognize the eternal, our view becomes a compassionate one, until then we pretend to know and act as if we are compassionate, as compassion is a high value espoused by those who can truly recognize it, and is rewarded externally for acting so.
Ascetic Resignation from Embodied Existence: we can now set aside our willful strivings from material gain and comfort from the material world and experience freedom from the unaware/passive will. This all eminates from our natural intuitive knowledge of the world, which we all possess, however our passive will prevents us from experiencing this consistently, as most people do sporadically.
Genius/Fully Aware: possess an everpresent awareness of these three characteristics and an everpresent wonder of beauty, love and the eternal; not soley the immediate comprehension of intellectual pursuits. The overuse of reason by those who live passively, causes them to focus upon more superficial characteristics such as the particulars, hierarchies, comparisons, numbers, scores, resumes and appearances, as they cannot recognize brilliance, only talent relative to their own.
The Aesthetic Perceiver: The Artist, The Compassionate, The Ascetic Saint, possesses “Moral Knowledge” : a degree of true understanding of the world, an attainment of a degree of freedom of ordinary egoism, they can add energy to the world and diminish the suffering of the world.